Mexican Red Amber:
MEXICAN RED AMBER is usually only found in the area of the mines that is closer to the surface. The particular layer of earth, in which it is found, is more porous and not as dense as the layers of earth in the interior of the mine. This oxygen rich, porous earth, has allowed for a slow oxidation process (in the millions of years) to turn the color from yellow to red This amber absorbed and combined with oxygen, starting from its exterior, and ongoing slowly but not always fully into its interior (oxygen is known to be red in color) MEXICAN RED AMBER is rarely ever found very deep within a mine, as no oxygen was present in the denser earth; therefore, New Mines have to be found before allowing production of red amber, which is not always present. This natural oxidation process has been tried to be recreated artificially in Baltic amber by heat treatment, accelerating the oxidation process; However as all amber has microscopic moisture bubbles inside, they burst when heated leaving tiny circular fractures inside, these marks being the proof that the amber has been heated. The naturally oxidized Hymenea red amber is chemically different from yellow Hymenea amber. This can be proven by a simple test: When heated or burned it has a much sweeter or more pleasant smell, any artificially died yellow Hymenea amber, would never have the same smell as the naturally red, as they would be chemically different. Mexican Cognac Amber Mexican Cognac amber is natural Red amber that has had some of its oxidized surface removed, by hand sanding. This makes it clearer & allows more light to enter the piece, This material is very bright in color, this is why this is the most popular. Mexican Black Amber Mexican Black amber is heavily included with organic materials such as dirt tree bark, moss, therefore its dark color, etc. Mexican Green Amber It is the rarest and most cherished amber in Mexico. It is gold, cognac or red in color, but will seem flourescent green in a natural lighting situation. All the amber pieces that I have for sale on my website I personally collect by visiting miners in very remote areas of Chiapas . Mexican Amber History and Origin: **************************** Mexican Amber has become better known throughout the world only since the mid 1970’s. It was originally discovered by the ancient Maya Indians, long before Columbus came to America, Tales were told by Spanish Conquistadores witnessing the great Aztec emperor Moctezuma stir his native chocolate drink with an amber ladle. Mexican Amber has only been found in the Chiapas region of Mexico, where heavily forested mountains overlook the Huitipan River. It is believed to be a resin formed from 25-35 million years ago.It is believed to be formed from an ancestral “Hymenea” tree. All amber found in this area is of Hymenea origin. Yellow being the most known natural color, but it also occurs in Black, Red, Cognac, and very rare Green colors. The ancient amber tradition has survived & is flourishing. Locally, natives collect & mine amber, for wear as amulets, or make small trinkets, carvings and pendants to sell to tourists.